(From Latin tempora matutina: morning hours) Originally, the morning hours of Lauds (Laudes matutinae). Later on, it referred to the preceding hour of Vigils, sung around midnight. These vigils eventually were incorporated into monastic practice and evolved into the hour of the Divine Office known as Matins. Matins has the following structure: Psalm 95 (94) (the invitatory); hymn; Psalms; readings from Sacred Scripture; commentaries on Sacred Scripture (or, on feast days, an appropriate reading); Responsories; Canticle on solemn feasts.
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