Melkite (Melchite) Rite (MEHL-kait RAIT)
The division within the Eastern Church, composed of Arabic-speaking Catholics of Egypt, Palestine, and Syria, that descended from those who agreed with the condemnation of Monophysitism (i.e., that Christ had only one nature) at the Council of Chalcedon (451). Although part of the Great Schism (ninth to eleventh centuries), the Melkites were reunited to Rome in the eighteenth century.
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