Catholic Dictionary

Wine, Liturgical Use of

In accord with the example of Christ, unleavened bread and grape wine are used in the celebration of the Eucharist. The General Instruction of the Roman Missal states that "the wine for the Eucharist must be from the fruit of the vine (see Lk 22:18), natural, and pure, i.e., not mixed with any foreign substance" (n. 322). The 1983 Code of Canon Law reiterates this prescription and says that the Eucharist "must be offered with bread and wine, with which a small quantity of water is to be mixed" (Can. 924, 1). "The wine must be natural wine of the grape and not corrupt" (Can. 924, 3). With regard to the distribution of the Eucharist under both species, the code states: "Holy Communion is to be given under the form of bread alone or under both kinds in accord with the norm of the liturgical laws or even under the form of wine alone in case of necessity" (Can. 925).

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Pope Francis' Encyclical Laudato Si'