This vestment, which draws its name from its place of origin, Dalmatia, is today the proper liturgical vestment of the deacon at Mass, worn over all the other vestments, i.e., the amice, alb, cincture, and stole. For solemn Masses, it is also worn under the chasuble by a bishop to signify his possession of the fullness of Orders. As was the case with most vestments, the dalmatic was originally a garment used in secular society that gradually fell out of use, was retained in the Church, and became proper to the clergy.
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